Curriculum in mathematics Teaching

Curriculum in mathematics Teaching

 paathyacharya anubhavon, kriyaon ya jeevan kee vaastavik paribhaasha hai. jisamen baalak bhaag leta hai atah ham kah sakate hain ki paathyacharya pustakon, vishay-vastu aur adhyayan ke kors (paathyakram (syllabus) se adhik hota hain.
paathyakram ka arth (Meaning of Curriculum) paathyacharya angrejee ke "Curriculum " ka hindee roopaantaran
"Curriculum" kee utpatti laitin bhaasha ke Currere shabd se huee
 jisaka arth hota hain "Race Course ' अर्थात् दौड़ का मैदान'
is prakaar Curriculum daud ka maidaan hai jis par baalak uddeshyon ko praapt karane ke lie daudata hain.baalak paathyacharya ko daud kar (seekhakar) hee poora karata hain. atah paathyacharya vah raasta hai jis par chalakar chhaatr shiksha ke lakshy par pahunchata hain. paathyacharya adhyaapak aur chhaatr donon ko shiksha dene evan grahan karane mein maargadarshan ka kaary karata hain. evan uddeshy praapti ka yah sashakt saadhan hain.

पाठ्यक्रम की परिभाषाएँ (Definitions of Curriculum)

मुनरो के अनुसार - "paathyakram mein ve samast anubhav nihit hain jinako vidyaalay dvaara shiksha ke uddeshyon kee praapti ke lie upayog mein laaya jaata hain."
 क्रो एण्ड क्रो - " paathyakram jo unakee maanasik, shaareerik, sanvegaatmak , saamaajik, aadhyaatmik va naitik roop mein vikasit hone kee sahaayata deta hain."
एनन के अनुसार - "paathyakram paryaavaran mein hone vaalee kriyaon ka yog hain."

पाठ्यक्रम के संबंध महत्वपूर्ण बातें


  1.  paathyakram me nihit anubhavon ka prayog shiksha ke uddeshyon kee praapti ke lie kiya jaata hain. 
  2. paathyakram lakshy ko praapt karane ka ek saadhan hain. 
  3. sampoorn vidyaalayayeey vaataavaran paathyakram hain.
  4.  isamen vidyaalayayeey tatha vidyaalay ke baahar ke anubhav evan kriyaakalaap aate hain. 
  5. paathyakram me anubhavon kee sampoornata nihit hain.

गणित में पाठ्यक्रम निर्माण के सिद्धांत (Principles of Curriculum Construction in Mathematics)


  1.  ganit ka paathyakram baalakendrit hona chaahie. 
  2. ganit ka paathyakram kriya pradhaan hona chaahie. 
  3. vishayavastu ko manovaigyaanik va taarkik dhang se vyavasthit karana.
  4.  vyaktigat bhinnataon ko dhyaan mein rakhana.
  5.  kathinaee ke star ko dhyaan mein rakhana.
  6.  paathyakram ke nirmaan mein adhyaapak kee sahamati lena.
  7.  uddeshyon ko aavashyakataanusaar parivartaneey banaana. 
  8. vishayon mein sah sambandh darshaana.
  9.  ganit ka vigyaan mein adhikatam prayog. 
  10. paathyakram lacheela ho.
  11.  paathyakram roochi va abhiruchipoorn. 
  12. ganit mein paheliyon va manoranjanaatmak samasyaon ka samaavesh ho.
  13.  sanskrti evan sabhyata ke sanrakshan hetu gyaan ka siddhaant. 
  14. ganit ka paathyakram jeevan se sambandhit hona chaahie. 

पाठ्यक्रम के उद्देश्य (Objective of Curriculum)





  1.  paathyakram uchit vaataavaran kee sthaapana dvaara chhaatron kee tark, nirnay vichaar, nyaay tatha kalpana shakti ka vikaas karata hain.
  2.  paathyakram prajaatantr ke siddhaanton par aadhaarit ho aur usake dvaara upayukt prashikshan se aadarsh naagarikon ka nirmaan sambhav ho.
  3.  isake dvaara chhaatron mein sadguno ( eemaanadaaree, prem, sahayog, saty aadi) ka vikaas ho aur va uchch charitr vaale banen. 
  4. isaka nirmaan chhaatron kee roochi, ichchha, aavashyakata, pravrtti, kshamata tatha manovrtti ke upayukt hona chaahie.
  5.  paathyakram ka mool uddeshy chhaatron ka sarvaangeen ( bauddhik, shaareerik, naitik aadi ) vikaas karana hain.
Curriculum in mathematics Teaching Curriculum in mathematics Teaching Reviewed by shirswastudy on March 05, 2019 Rating: 5

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