Lecturs method in mathematics Teaching

Lecturs method in mathematics Teaching

vyaakhyaan shikshan kee sabase puraanee vidhi hain. yah aadarshavaadee vichaaradhaara kee den hain. vidyaalayon evan kolejon mein aaj bhee is vidhi ka shikshan kee drshti se bahut mahatvapoorn hai. 

व्याख्यान विधि (Lecture Method

vyaakhyaan shikshan kee sabase puraanee vidhi hain. yah aadarshavaadee vichaaradhaara kee den hain. vidyaalayon evan kolejon mein aaj bhee is vidhi ka shikshan kee drshti se bahut mahatvapoorn
vidyaarthiyon ko gyaan pradaan karane ke lie vyaakhyaan vidhi sabase saral vidhi hain. 
lekin kuchh vidvaanon ka kahana hai ki is vidhi ke prayog se na to praathamik star va maadhyamik star kakshaon ke vidyaarthee laabh utha paate hain. is vidhi mein keval adhyaapak bolata hain. chhaatr keval nishkriy roop se chupachaap usaka bhaashan sunate rahate h

Lecturs method in mathematics Teaching


 ve sakriy roop se bhaag nahin lete hain aroochi hone par bhee chhaatr bhaashan sunana padata hain tatha chhaatr jaldee hee bhaashan se oob jaata hain, jamhaeeyaan va kabhee kabhee so bhee jaata hain. adhyaapak ek baatoonee kee tarah bolata chala jaata hain tatha yah dhyaan rakhane kee koshish nahin karata ki chhaatr usake vyaakhyaan ko dhyaan se sun bhee rahe hain ya nahin. use to maatr ek nishchit avadhi mein drut gati se apanee paathyavastu ko samaapt karana hota hain.

 adhyaapak ko koee sarokaar nahin ki chhaatr bhaashan par dhyaan de rahe hai ya nahin kabhee kabhee bhaashan ke beech mein itana avashy poochh leta hai ki aapake samajh mein aaya ya nahin? yah maatr aupachaarikata hotee hain jisakee koee saarthakata nahin hotee. vastutah yah ekamaargee prakriya (One way Traffic) hai jisamen adhyaapak maatr prastutikaran par adhik bal deta hain.

शिक्षा शास्त्रीयों का मत shiksha shaastreeyon ka mat 

 shiksha shaastreeyon ka mat hai ki praathamik va maadhyamik kakshaon mein karana uchit nahin hain. yah vidhi chhaatron ko gyaan praapt karane ke lie prerit nahin karatee tatha vaigyaanik drshtikon jaise gunon ko protsaahit karane mein asamarth rahatee hain. yah vidhi keval soochana pradaan vidhi hain. is vidhi ke dvaara shikshak bahut saara gyaan kam samay mein de deta hain. chhaatron ke lie is gyaan ko samajhana bahut kathin ho jaata hain. chhaatr vigyaan vishay mein roochi lena band kar dete hain aur unhen yah vishay kathin lagane lagata hain. 

व्याख्यान विधि के गुण (Merits of Lecture Method)

  1.  vidyaarthee ko yadi kisee prakaar kee shanka hotee hai to vah usee samay door kee jaatee hain
  2.  is vidhi dvaara kam samay mein adhik gyaan diya ja sakata hai
  3.  is vidhi dvaara paathyakram samay par poora kiya ja sakata hain 
  4. kramabaddh tareeke se gyaan dena aasaan hain adhyaapak ko is vidhi se padhane mein jyaada taiyaaree nahin karanee padatee hai aur na hee prayog pradarshan karane padate hain. 
  5. chhaatr kam samay mein, kam parishram lie jyaada gyaan arjit karate hain.
  6.  kaksha mein upasthit chhaatron kee sankhya adhik ya kam hone par bhee is vidhi ka prayog kiya ja sakata hain. 
  7. yah vidhi prastaavana, saaraansh , nishkarsh athava jaanakaaree dene kee uchit vidhi hain. 
  8. kam samay mein jyaada jaanakaaree dena sambhav hain. 
  9. is vidhi ke prayog se kam samay mein jyaada gyaan diya ja sakata hain. 
  10. paathyakram ke vishay nirdhaarit par poore kie ja sakate hain. 

व्याख्यान विधि के दोष (Demerits of Lecture Method)

  1. is vidhi se aatmavishvaas, aatmanirbharata, vaigyaanik drshtikon, tarkashakti jaise gunon ka vikaas nahin hota hain. 
  2.  vidhi dvaara keval soochanaen hee dee ja sakatee hain. 
  3. is vidhi mein keval shravan gyaanendriyaan ka prayog hota hain. jabaki gyaanaarjan karane ke lie sabhee gyaanendriyaan sahaayak hotee hain. 
  4. agar adhyaapak achchha pravakta nahin hai to chhaatron ke lie usaka bhaashan nirarthak ho jaata hain.
  5.  vyaakhyaan vidhi amanovaigyaanik vidhi hain. 
  6. adhyaapak sakriy bhoomika nibhaata hai jabaki chhaatr nishkriy bhoomika mein rahate hain. 
  7. shikshak chhaatr ka sambandh nyoonatam hota hain.
  8.  is vidhi mein karake seekhane ka virodh karatee hain. 
  9. is vidhi mein shikshak ka mukhy uddeshy kramabaddh tareeke se chhaatron ko gyaan dena hota hai.
  10.  chhaatron ko kitana gyaan mila isase adhyaapak ko koee matalab nahin hota hain. chhaatron kee maanasik shaktiyon ka vikaas nahin ho paata hain
Lecturs method in mathematics Teaching Lecturs method in mathematics Teaching Reviewed by shirswastudy on March 11, 2019 Rating: 5

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