Project method in mathematics Teaching

योजना विधि (Project Method)

 jon dyoobee (John Dewey) ke prayojanavaad ke siddhaant par aadhaarit projekt vidhi dablyoo. ech. डब्ल्यू. एच. किलपेट्रिक (W.H. Kilpatrick) dvaara san 1981 mein pratipaadit kee gaee thee. vibhinn deshon mein is vidhi ka upayog bhoogol shikshan mein saphalataapoorvak kiya gaya. is vidhi se shikshan mein svaabhaavikata evan sajeevata aatee hai. yah vidhi baalak ko ve svaabhaavik paristhitiyaan pradaan karatee hain, jisamen vah uddeshy kisee samasyaamoolak kaary ko sajeevata se poorv karane mein saphal hota hain. 

किलपेट्रिक के अनुसार :-  "projekt saamaajik vaataavaran mein poorn sanlagn se kiya jaane vaala uddeshyapoorn kaary hain. 
स्टीवेन्सन के अनुसार:- " yojana ek samasyaamoolak kaary hain, jise svaabhaavik paristhitiyon mein poorn kiya jaata hain.
वेलार्ड :- yojana jivan ka hee ek bhaag hai, jo vidyaalay mein pradaan kiya jaata hain.

Project method

विधि की कार्य प्रणाली

  1.  paristhiti utpann karana
  2.  yojana ka chunaav
  3.  yojana ka kaaryakram banana
  4.  yojana ka kaaryaanvayan karana
  5.  kaary ka moolyaankan
  6.  samast kaaryon kee riport taiyaar karana

योजना के प्रकार

 yojana ke prakaar praayah yojana do prakaar kee hotee hain
  1. व्यक्तिगत योजना  yah yojana maatr ek vyakti dvaara kee jaatee hain. 
  2. सामूहिक योजना - vah yojana ek samooh dvaara (jisamen ek se adhik vyakti hote hain) pooree kee jaatee hain.

योजनाओं का वर्गीकरण (Classification of Products)

 kilapetrik mahoday ne praayojanaon ko chaar vargon mein vibhaajit kiya hai 
  1. रचनात्मक या उत्पादनात्मक प्रायोजना (Constructive or productive Type)
  2. उपभोगात्मक या कलात्मक (Consumer or Aesthetic Type)
  3. समस्यात्मक प्रायोजना (Problematic Type)
  4. कौशलात्मक या अभ्यासात्मक (Skilled or Drill Type)

  1. रचनात्मक या उत्पादनात्मक प्रायोजना (Constructive or productive Type)- isamen chhaatr kisee kaary ko sampann karate hain. 
  2. उपभोगात्मक या कलात्मक (Consumer or Aesthetic Type) - isamen chhaatr kalaatmak anubhooti, saundaryanubhooti evan rasaasvaadan karane ka kaary karate hain. 
  3. समस्यात्मक प्रायोजना (Problematic Type) - isamen chhaatr kisee bauddhik kathinaee ya samasya ka hal dhoondhate hain. 
  4. कौशलात्मक या अभ्यासात्मक (Skilled or Drill Type) -- yahaan yojanaon dvaara chhaatron kee kaary kushalata evan kshamata mein abhivrddhi karana abheesht hota hain. isamen chhaatr kisee aise kaushal ya kaary par dhyaan dete hain, jinhen ve saamoohik (group) roop se seekh saken aur usaka abhyaas kar sake. 

योजना विधि गुण (Demerits of Project Method)

  1. is vidhi mein chhaatron ko svatantrata ka vaataavaran milata hain., kyonki chhaatr svatantr hokar apanee jimmedaariyaan pooree karate hain. 
  2. pooree yojana kaal mein chhaatr sakriy rahate hain.
  3.  yojana dvaara baalak ko praathamikata milatee rahatee hai baalakon kee roochi, manovrtti, aadaten va svabhaav kee jaanakaaree milatee hain.
  4.  is vidhi se praapt gyaan vaastavik tatha sthaayee hota hain.
  5.  baalak karake seekhata hain. 
  6. baalak mein prayog karane kee kshamata ka vikaas hota hain. 
  7. vaastavik jeevan mein kathinaiyaan sulajhaane kee neev yahaan se padatee hain.
  8.  baalakon mein saamaajik gunon ka vikaas hota hain. 
  9. haath se kaary karane kee kushalata ka vikaas hota hain. 
  10. ganit ka vyaavahaarik roop se prayog karana seekhate hain. 
  11. yojana kee poorti mein maanasik kaary ke saath shaareerik kaary ka bhee avasar praapt hota hain.

योजना विधि गुण (Demerits of Project Method)

  1. hamaare vidyaalay abhee itane sampann nahin hain ki yojana vidhi ka bahulata se prayog kar sake, kyonki yojana koee bhee ho, vyayapoorn hotee hain. 
  2. yojana pooree hone mein samay lagata hain. 
  3. yojana vidhi mein paathyakram samay par poora nahin ho paata hain.
  4.  is vidhi mein adhyaapak ka kaary adhik ho jaata hain. vistrt paathyakram, seemit samay, seemit aarthik saadhan, paathyapustakon ka abhaav, yojana vidhi se kaary karaane mein praveen adhyaapakon kee kamee rahatee hai. 
  5. inake kaaran yah vidhi vidyaalay mein prachalit nahin ho sakatee hain.

Mathematics Teaching adis cilek her
Project method in mathematics Teaching Project method in mathematics Teaching Reviewed by shirswastudy on March 06, 2019 Rating: 5

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